Peru is a coastal country in the northwest of South America. It shares land borders with Bolivia and Chile to the south, Bolivia and Brazil to the east, and Colombia and Ecuador in the north. The Pacific Ocean lies to its west.
The current population of Peru is 28.7 million people, living in a country covering 1,285,220 square kilometers (496,225 square miles). The capital city is Lima, which is home to about 8.7 million people, or nearly one-third of the total. Peru is five hours behind GMT (GMT -5).